Free Empirical Research Papers Free Research Articles on Gender, Diversity, Ethnicity, Research Methods, Quantitative Research, Qualitative Research, Triangulated Research, Data Elicitation, Questionnaire Design, Data Analysis, Frustration of Contract, Recruitment and Selection, Employment Law, Business and Management Studies, Organizational Design, Organizational Development Postgraduate Research Doctoral, Research Articles, etc.

Free Research Papers: Empirical Research Articles by Professor Dr. Ronald B. Crawford - Director of HRODC Postgraduate Training Institute, A Postgraduate- Only Institution. These Include Journal Articles, Conference Papers, Published International Conference Proceedings, Seminar Papers and Web-Based Publications. You are welcome to utilise them, providing you acknowledge him as the  source of the information contained in these articles. Click To Access Prof. Crawford Research Articles

Prof. Dr. R. B. Crawford is the Director of HRODC Postgraduate Training Institute, A Postgraduate-Only Institution. He has the following Qualifications and Affiliations:

Doctor of Philosophy {(PhD) {University College London (UCL) - University of London)};

MEd Management (University of Bath);

Postgraduate (Advanced) Diploma Science Teacher Ed. (University of Bristol);

Postgraduate Certificate in Information Systems (University of West London, formerly Thames Valley University);

Diploma in Doctoral Research Supervision, (University of Wolverhampton);

Teaching Certificate;

Fellow of the Institute of Management Specialists;

Human Resources Specialist, of the Institute of Management Specialists;

Member of the Asian Academy of Management (MAAM);

Member of the International Society of Gesture Studies (MISGS);

Member of the Standing Council for Organisational Symbolism (MSCOS);

Member of ResearchGate;

Executive Member of Academy of Management (AOM). There, his contribution incorporates the judging of competitions, review of journal articles, and guiding the development of conference papers. He also contributes to the Disciplines of:

Human Resources;

Organization and Management Theory;

Organization Development and Change;

Research Methods;

Conflict Management;

Organizational Behavior;

Management Consulting;

Gender & Diversity in Organizations; and

Critical Management Studies.

Professor Dr. Crawford has been an Academic in the following UK Universities:

University of London (Royal Holloway), as Research Tutor;

University of Greenwich (Business School), as Senior Lecturer (Associate Professor), in Organisational Behaviour and Human Resource Management;

University of Wolverhampton, (Wolverhampton Business School), as Senior Lecturer (Associate Professor), in Organisational Behaviour and Human Resource Management;

London Southbank University (Business School), as Lecturer and Unit Leader.

His responsibilities in these roles included:

Doctoral Research Supervisor;

Admissions Tutor;

Postgraduate and Undergraduate Dissertation Supervisor;

Programme Leader;

Personal Tutor.

 

Please Click on Your Choice of Article, below, to Download Free Research Papers, Compliments of Prof. Dr. R. B. Crawford - Director HRODC Postgraduate Training Institute

Free Research Paper - Article.- Recruitment and Selection: Personnel Recruitment

Free Research Paper - Gender Ethnic Diversity and Career Advancement in The Workplace: The Social Identity Perspective

 

Free Research Paper  - Frustration of Contract: An Illustrative Guide – A Free Research Paper. 'Frustration of contract' is possibly one of the least understood aspects of UK Employment Law, and has been misinterpreted by some Employment Tribunals. The first clarification of 'frustration of contract' is that it does not constitute dismissal (see e.g. Pitt, 1994). Before assuming frustration of contract, one needs to make an assessment of the situation based on the facts that are relevant to the situation. Your decision or assumption, in this regard, might be aided by the illustrative cases, in my article. Click to download article: Frustration of Contract: An Illustrative Guide – A Free Research Paper.

 

Triangulating Research Methods In Case Studies: An Empirical Representation - A Free Research Paper from Prof Dr Crawford HRODC Postgraduate Training Institute www.hrodc.com; http://www.hrodc-mobile.com/; http://www.hrodc-business-products-and-services.com/index.html

A Paper   Presented to, and Published Conference Proceedings of, European Conference on Research Methodology For Business and Management Studies.

ABSTRACT

UNIVERSITY Of READING, READING. UK, 29-39 April 2002

This paper presents convincing argument supporting the need for a combined approach to data elicitation, with illustration of how this can be achieved. Drawing on empirical evidence from recent research, it explores the different stages of the process, demonstrating how quantitative and qualitative data can enhance each other’s effectiveness. Locating ethnography in a historical context, it presents a variety of approaches, focusing on the value of the ‘complete participant as observer’ role in eliminating some inherent difficulties. Key Words: qualitative, quantitative, triangulation, research, participant, data.

 

Gender, Race and Ethnicity: Key Elements of Unexploited Workforce Diversity’ - A Free Research Paper – free Research Publication – free Empirical Research Article - from Prof Dr. Crawford HRODC Postgraduate Training Institute www.hrodc.com , http://www.hrodc-mobile.com/; http://www.hrodc-business-products-and-services.com/index.html

A Paper Presented At:

Rethinking Gender, Work and Organisation: Gender, Work and Organisation Conference - An International Interdisciplinary Conference’,

Keele University, Staffordshire, England, June 27-29, 2001

 ABSTRACT

 

‘Organisations are endowed with varying degrees of diversity but this variety is often unexploited’

 

Gender, Race and Ethnicity have become much of a cliché in relation to institutional discriminatory practices. However, socio-political and economic dynamics have propelled ‘inclusion’ to a ‘survival imperative’. It is a fact that modern organisations make constant effort to improve their effectiveness. This effort incorporates their search for new and innovative ways of operating, necessitating the efficient utilisation of their resources. Efficient utilisation of the workforce means that the organisation values the contribution that diversity can make to the accomplishment of their objectives. Despite the existence of elements of diversity in organisations, some have largely disregarded their importance. Recently, however, many practitioners, consultants and academics have agreed that the diversity within organisations can be exploited to the benefit of organisational effectiveness.

 

This paper, drawing on empirical evidence from qualitative and quantitative analyses, charts organisational failings, through under-capitalisation of vital resources, pointing to alternatives for enhanced effectiveness. While citing specific cases where effective diversity management could have spared organisations economic catastrophe, it presents evidence of establishments, internationally, that have succeeded, in this regard, thereby enhancing their effectiveness.

 

While existing empirical evidence of effective utilisation and under-utilisation of a diverse workforce is meta-analysed, new evidence is produced from a large UK organisation as a demonstration of the intensity of the problem. Data elicitation techniques include questionnaire administration and interviews. All quantitative data is comparatively analysed, chi-squared, with the level of significance taken at p < 0.05 (see Wisniewski and Stead, 1996; Kanji, 1993; Lapin, 1990; and Cass, 1973).

 

It finds that the case study organisation is inherently biased, with regard to gender, race and ethnicity. Consequently, it is deprived of the contribution that its diverse workforce can make to its effectiveness. Specifically, it fails to draw on the valuable marketing intelligence that diversity affords.

 

Mindful of the need for organisations to have ‘social conscience’ it reminds them of their legal obligation towards diversity, advising of the political, social and economic implications of their actions. It implores organisations to ‘exploit’ the opportunity that diversity presents, for the long-term effectiveness of the enterprise.

   

Some of Professor Dr. Crawford's Research Output is Detailed Below

 

 

Professor Crawford is ' research active' and has presented a number of Papers at International Conferences. Recent Conference Papers include:

Crawford, R. B. (July, 2001), ‘Gender, race & ethnicity: Key elements of unexploited workforce diversity’, A Paper presented at: ‘Rethinking Gender, Work And Organisation’, Gender, Work and Organisation Conference - An international Interdisciplinary Conference, at Keele University, Staffordshire, UK, June 27-29, 2001;

**Please Note**

Click This Link to View the above Paper exceeds 90 pages in length and has been published as a book, which is available fromUniversity of Wolverhampton,

 

Click This Link to View the above Article at WorldCat

 

Crawford, R. B. (2001), ‘Structural flexibility and managerial choice: A comparative case study’, A Paper presented at: the 4th Asian Academy of Management Conference (Malaysia), November 10-13, 2001.

Crawford, R. B. (2001), ‘Industrial and commercial response to flexibility: The place of UK Universities in meeting the technological challenge’, A Paper presented at: “The Role of Universities in a Knowledge Driven Economy” - Conference of Association of South East Asian Institutions of Higher Learning, Philippines, December 2-4, 2001.

Crawford, R. B. (2002), 'The development & value of ethnomethodology: conceptual, contextual and empirical illustrations', A Paper presented at: ‘Ethnomethodology: A Critical Celebration’. A Conference Sponsored By The Sociological Review (Blackwell Publishers) and Culture And Organization (Routledge/ Taylor And Francis) and Organised In Conjunction With: The International Institute For Ethnomethodology And Conversation Analysis. University of Essex, United Kingdom, March 20 – 22, 2002

Crawford, R. B. (2002), ‘Triangulating research methods in case studies: an empirical representation’, A paper presented at the: European Conference On Research Methodology For Business and Management Studies, Reading University, Reading. UK, 29-30th April 2002

Crawford, R. B. (2002), The Cultural Significance Of Gestures And The Counterbalance Of Kinesics And Kinesiology. A Paper presented at: The First Congress of the International Society for Gesture Studies College of Communication University of Texas at Austin, June 5-8, 2002

Crawford, R. B. (2002), ‘Online learning and lecturers’ intellectual property rights: A legal-empirical analysis of the European and Asian implications’. A Paper Presented At: The Association of South East Asian Institutions of Higher Learning (ASAIHL) Conference on: ‘Lifelong Learning’, Singapore, June 17 – 19, 2002.

Crawford, R. B.  (2002) ‘Gender Race and Ethnic Relations at Work: An Empirical Analysis’ A Paper presented at the XVth International Sociological Association World Congress of Sociology, Brisbane, Australia, July 7-13, 2002

Crawford, R. B. (2002), ‘The Myths And Realities Of Decision-Making In Matrix And Hierarchical Structures: A Comparative Case Analysis’. A Paper presented at the: XVth ISA World Congress of Sociology, The Social World in the Twenty First Century: Ambivalent Legacies and Rising Challenges, Research Committee on Participation and Self-Management RC10, Brisbane, Australia, July 7-13, 2002

Crawford, R. B.  And Chow, I. (2002) ‘‘Change Acceleration: Success With Individual And Organisational Casualties’, A Paper accepted for presentation at: The 20th International Conference of The Standing Conference on Organisational Symbolism, ‘Speed: Research and Representation in the Age of Instantaneous Organization’, 10th – 13th July, 2002, Budapest, Hungary

Crawford, R. B. (2003), ‘Gender disparity in organisation and the resultant human resource mismanagement: a case analysis A paper presented at the: European Conference On Research Methodology For Business and Management Studies’, Reading University, Reading. UK, 20-21st March, 2003

Crawford, R. B. (2003), ‘Workforce Flexibility, Flexible Working and Distance Education: Their Facilitation of Women’s Choice’, A Paper Presented At The International Employee Relations Conference - Regulation, deregulation and re-regulation: the scope of employment relations - University of Greenwich, UK, July 8 – 11, 2003.

Crawford, R. B. (2003), 'The Uk’s Growing Demand For Computer Mediated Distance Education And The Legal Basis Of Their Creators', A Paper Presented at the joint meeting of the International Conference on Education and Information Systems: Technologies and Applications (EISTA '03) and International Conference on Computer, Communication and Control Technologies (CCCT '03). Orlando USA, July 31-Aug 2, 2003.

Crawford, R. B. (2003), Contemporary Diversity Management: Beyond Legal Requirements; Towards Enhanced Organisational Effectiveness, Keynote Address to: Equality & Diversity Conference, National Probation Service - West Midlands, Novotel, Wolverhampton, October 17, 2003

Crawford, R. B. (2004), ‘Gender and family Responsibility’ A Paper Presented at the joint meeting of the International Conference on Education and Information Systems: Technologies and Applications (EISTA '04). Orlando USA, July 21-25, 2004.

Crawford, R. B. (2004), Gendered Perceptions Of Work-Life Balance and Expectations of Flexible Working?: An Empirical Analysis, A Paper Presented at The European Conference on Research Methodology for Business and Management Studies, University of Reading, UK, 29th – 30th March 2004

Crawford, R. B. (2005), ‘Gender relation at work’ and its morale implications: A Paper Presented at the 4th European Conference on Research Methods in Business and Management Université Paris-Dauphine, Paris, France, 21-22 April 2005.

 

Crawford, R. B. (June 2001), ‘Gender, race & ethnicity: Key elements of unexploited workforce diversity’, Gender, Work and Organisation (Published Abstract of Conference Proceedings), Keele University, Staffordshire, UK

Crawford, R. B. (Nov. 2001), ‘Structural flexibility and managerial choice: A comparative case study’, Asian Academy of Management Journal (Published Conference Proceedings).

Crawford, R. B. (December 2001.), ‘Industrial and commercial response to flexibility: The place of UK Universities in meeting the technological challenge’, Association of South East Asian Institutions of Higher Learning (Published Conference Proceedings), Philippines.

Crawford, R. B. (2002), ‘Triangulating research methods in case studies: an empirical representation’, European Conference on Research Methodology for Business and Management Studies, ECRM 2002 (ISBN: 0-9540488-3-0).

Crawford, R. B. (2002), ‘On-line learning and lecturers’ intellectual property rights: A legal-empirical analysis of the European and Asian implications, Proceedings of Association of South East Asian Institutes of Higher Learning 2002, Singapore, Nanyang Technological University (ISBN: 98 – 04 – 6756 – 7).

Crawford, R. B. (2003),Gender disparity in organisation and the resultant human resource mismanagement: A case analysis’, Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, 2 (1)

Crawford, R. B. (2003), 'The Uk’s Growing Demand For Computer Mediated Distance Education And The Legal Basis Of Their Creators', Post-Conference Proceedings of the International Conference on Education and Information Systems: Technologies and Applications, Orlando, Florida, USA. 

Crawford, R. B. (2003), ‘Gender disparity in organisation and the resultant human resource mismanagement: a case analysis’, Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods

Crawford, R. B. (2003), ‘Gender disparity in organisation and the resultant human resource mismanagement: a case analysis’, European Conference on Research Methodology for Business and Management Studies, ECRM 2003 (ISBN:          0-9540488-9-X)

Crawford, R. B. (2003), ‘Workforce Flexibility, Flexible Working and Distance Education: Their Facilitation of Women’s Choice’, Refereed Conference Proceedings of The International Employee Relations Conference - Regulation, deregulation and re-regulation: the scope of employment relations - University of Greenwich, UK, July 8 – 11, 2003.

Crawford, R. B. (2004), with Professor Chow,  "Gender, Ethnic Diversity and Career Advancement in the Workplace: The Social Identity Perspective", Society for the Advancement (SAM) of Management - Advanced Management Journal,  69 (3): 22-31 – Summer, 2004.

Crawford, R. B. (2004), Gendered Perceptions Of Work-Life Balance and Expectations of Flexible Working?: An Empirical Analysis, Proceedings of the   3rd European Conference on Research Methods in Business and Management,  Reading University, UK, 29th – 30th March 2004

Crawford, R. B. (2004), Gender and Family Responsibility, International Conference on Education and Information Systems: Technologies and Applications, Proceedings Volume 4, USA, July 2004 (ISBN: 980-6560-11-6)

Crawford, R. B. (2005), ‘Gender relation at work’ and its morale implications: An empirical analysis of a Seychelles public sector organisation, Proceedings of the 4th European Conference on Research Methods in Business and Management Université Paris-Dauphine, Paris, France 21-22 April 2005.

 

 

Some Seminars Presented by Professor Dr. Crawford include:

The Relationship Between Management Styles and Organisational Structure, University of London, April 19, 1989.

The Matrix Structure In FE, University of London, February 24, 1992.

Swim! Do Not Just Keep Your Head Above The Water, A Paper presented at the 1st African Caribbean Graduation Awards, London, August 1997

Flexibility or Flexion? Organisational Design and Managerial Freedom, Wolverhampton Business School (Oct. 1998) & Management Research Centre (Feb. 1999)

Crawford, R. B. (2003), Gendered Expectations of Work-Life Balance, A Paper Presented to The Staff Seminar Series, University of Greenwich Business School, November 12, 2003.

Crawford, R. B. (2005), Kinesics and Kinesiology: Key Aspects of Conversational Analysis, A paper presented to Doctoral Students and Doctoral Supervisors, University of Kwa Zulu-Natal, Edgewood Campus, March 19, 2005.

 

 

 

External Contribution

Article Reviewer for the 3rd European Conference on Research Methods in Business and Management (ECRM), Reading University, UK, 29th – 30th March 2004

Article Reviewer for the Academy of Management (USA), in the area of ‘Gender and Diversity in Organisations’, 2003.

Article Reviewer for the Academy of Management (USA), in the area of ‘Gender and Diversity in Organisations’, 2004

 

Conference Papers

Crawford, R. B. (July, 2001), ‘Gender, race & ethnicity: Key elements of unexploited workforce diversity’, A Paper presented at: ‘Rethinking Gender, Work And Organisation’, Gender, Work and Organisation Conference - An international Interdisciplinary Conference, at Keele University, Staffordshire, UK, June 27-29, 2001;

**Please Note**

Click This Link to View the above Paper exceeds 90 pages in length and has been published as a book, which is available from University of Wolverhampton,

 

Click This Link to View the above Article at WorldCat

 

Crawford, R. B.  (2002) ‘Gender Race and Ethnic Relations at Work: An Empirical Analysis’ A Paper presented at the XVth International Sociological Association World Congress of Sociology, Brisbane, Australia, July 7-13, 2002

Crawford, R. B. (2003), ‘Gender disparity in organisation and the resultant human resource mismanagement: a case analysis A paper presented at the: European Conference On Research Methodology For Business and Management Studies’, Reading University, Reading. UK, 20-21st March, 2003

Crawford, R. B. (2003), ‘Workforce Flexibility, Flexible Working and Distance Education: Their Facilitation of Women’s Choice’, A Paper Presented At The International Employee Relations Conference - Regulation, deregulation and re-regulation: the scope of employment relations - University of Greenwich, UK, July 8 – 11, 2003.

Crawford, R. B. (2003), Contemporary Diversity Management: Beyond Legal Requirements;

Towards Enhanced Organisational Effectiveness, Keynote Address to: Equality & Diversity Conference, National Probation Service - West Midlands, Novotel, Wolverhampton, October 17, 2003

Crawford, R. B. (2004), ‘Gender and family Responsibility’ A Paper Presented at the joint meeting of the International Conference on Education and Information Systems: Technologies and Applications (EISTA '04). Orlando USA, July 21-25, 2004.

Crawford, R. B. (2004), Gendered Perceptions Of Work-Life Balance and Expectations of Flexible Working?: An Empirical Analysis, A Paper Presented at The European Conference on Research Methodology for Business and Management Studies, University of Reading, UK, 29th – 30th March 2004

Crawford, R. B. (2005), ‘Gender relation at work’ and its morale implications: A Paper Presented at the 4th European Conference on Research Methods in Business and Management Université Paris-Dauphine, Paris, France, 21-22 April 2005.

 

Seminar Presentation

Crawford, R. B. (2003), Gendered Expectations of Work-Life Balance, A Paper Presented to The Staff Seminar Series, University of Greenwich Business School, November 12, 2003.

 

Publications

Crawford, R. B. (June 2001), ‘Gender, race & ethnicity: Key elements of unexploited workforce diversity’, Gender, Work and Organisation (Published Abstract of Conference Proceedings), Keele University, Staffordshire, UK

Crawford, R. B. (2003),Gender disparity in organisation and the resultant

human resource mismanagement: A case analysis’, Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, 2 (1)

Crawford, R. B. (2004), with Professor Chow,  "Gender, Ethnic Diversity and Career Advancement in the Workplace: The Social Identity Perspective", Society for the Advancement (SAM) of Management - Advanced Management Journal,  69 (3): 22-31 – Summer, 2004.

Crawford, R. B. (2004), Gendered Perceptions Of Work-Life Balance and Expectations of Flexible Working?: An Empirical Analysis, Proceedings of the   3rd European Conference on Research Methods in Business and Management,  Reading University, UK, 29th – 30th March 2004

Crawford, R. B. (2004), Gender and Family Responsibility, International Conference on Education and Information Systems: Technologies and Applications, Proceedings Volume 4, USA, July 2004 (ISBN: 980-6560-11-6)

Crawford, R. B. (2005), ‘Gender relation at work’ and its morale implications: An empirical analysis of a Seychelles public sector organisation, Proceedings of the 4th European Conference on Research Methods in Business and Management Université Paris-Dauphine, Paris, France 21-22 April 2005.

Crawford, R. B. (2003), ‘Gender disparity in organisation and the resultant human resource mismanagement: a case analysis’, Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods

Crawford, R. B. (2003), ‘Gender disparity in organisation and the resultant human resource mismanagement: a case analysis’, European Conference on Research Methodology for Business and Management Studies, ECRM 2003 (ISBN:          0-9540488-9-X)

Crawford, R. B. (2003), ‘Workforce Flexibility, Flexible Working and Distance Education: Their Facilitation of Women’s Choice’, Refereed Conference Proceedings of The International Employee Relations Conference - Regulation, deregulation and re-regulation: the scope of employment relations - University of Greenwich, UK, July 8 – 11, 2003.

 

Professor Crawford's Web Publications

 

1

Crawford, R.B. (2004 – 2016), The Management Of Organisational Change, London, https://www.hrodc.com/

2

Crawford, R.B. (2001 – 2016), Writing A Synopsis, London

3

Crawford, R.B. (2002 – 2016), Research Methodology (1): A Practical Approach, London,

4

Crawford, R.B. (2002 – 2016), Research       Methodology (2): Data Analysis, Interpretation And Presentation, London

5

Crawford, R.B. (2004 – 2016), Crawford, R. B. (204-2016), Oral Presentations, London,

6

Crawford, R.B. (2001 – 2016), Gender, Race And Ethnicity: Key Elements Of Unexploited Workforce Diversity, London,

7

Crawford, R.B. (2003 – 2016), Organisational Control Systems, London,

8

Crawford, R.B. (2001 – 2016), Principles Of Organisational Analysis, London,

9

Crawford, R.B. (2003 – 2016), Organisational Roles & Role Relationships: Understanding Organisational Relationships, London,

10

Crawford, R.B. (2001 – 2016), Organisational Structure And Design 1, London,

11

Crawford, R.B. (2005 – 2016), Leadership Style, London,

12

Crawford, R.B. (2003 – 2016), Time Management, London

13

Crawford, R.B. (2002 – 2016), Structural Flexibility And Managerial Choice: A Comparative Case Study, London,

14

Crawford, R.B. (2002 – 2016), Communication In Organisation, London,

15

Crawford, R.B. (2002 – 2016), Essay Writing, London,

16

Crawford, R.B. (2001 – 2016), Organisational Development, London,

17

Crawford, R.B. (2001 – 2016), Organisational Structure And Design 2, London,

18

Crawford, R.B. (2004 – 2016), Industrial And Commercial Response To Flexibility: The Place Of UK Universities In Meeting The Technological Challenge, London,

19

Crawford, R.B. (2004 – 2016), Information Systems Design, London,

20

Crawford, R.B. (2003 – 2016), The Functions Of Management, London,

21

Crawford, R.B. (2003 – 2016), Motivation As A Product Of Directing And Leading, London,

22

Crawford, R.B. (2002 – 2016), Triangulating       Research Methods In Case Studies: An Empirical Representation, London,

23

Crawford, R.B. (2000 – 2016), On-Line Learning And Lecturers' Intellectual Property Rights: A Legal-Empirical Analysis Of The European And Asian Implications, London,

24

Crawford, R.B. (2002 – 2016), Gender, Race And Ethnic Relations At Work: An Empirical Analysis, London,

25

Crawford, R.B. (2002 – 2016), 'The Myths And Realities Of Decision-Making In Matrix Organisation And Hierarchical Organisational Structures: A Comparative Case Analysis', London,

26

Crawford, R.B. (2002 – 2016), Gender Disparity In Organisation And The Resultant Human Resource Mismanagement: A Case Analysis, London,

27

Crawford, R.B. (2003 – 2016), Contemporary Diversity Management: Beyond Legal Requirements; Towards Enhanced Organisational Effectiveness, London,

28

Crawford, R.B. (2002 – 2016), The UK’s Growing Demand For Computer Mediated Distance Education And The Legal Basis Of Their Creators, London, http://www.hrodc.com/

29

Crawford, R.B. (2002 – 2016), Organisational Flexibility, Workforce Flexibility And Flexible Working: A Conceptual Distinction, London,

30

Crawford, R.B. (2001 – 2016), Recruitment And Selection: Personnel Selection, London,

31

Crawford, R.B. (2004 – 2016), Training Needs Analysis, London,

32

Crawford, R.B. (2004 – 2016), The Development And Value Of Crawford, R.B. (2004 – 2016), Ethnomethodology: Conceptual, Contextual And Empirical Illustrations, London,

33

Crawford, R.B. (2003 – 2016), Education, Training and Development: A Distinction, London,

34

Crawford, R.B. (2002 – 2016), Team Dynamics: Improving Team Performance, London,

35

Crawford, R.B. (2001 – 2016), Cutting-Edge Themes IN Human Resource Management (HRM) & Human Resource Development (HRD), London,

36

Crawford, R.B. (2002 – 2016), Gender, Ethnic Diversity and Career Advancement in the Workplace: The Social Identity Perspective, London,